#Zinc for the prevention or treatment of acute viral #respiratory tract infections in adults: a rapid systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

To evaluate the benefits and risks of zinc formulations compared with controls for prevention or treatment of acute viral respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in adults. Method Seventeen English and Chinese databases were searched in April/May 2020 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and from April/May 2020 to August 2020 for SARS-CoV-2 RCTs. Cochrane rapid review methods …

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Dynamic innate immune response determines susceptibility to #SARS-CoV-2 infection and early replication kinetics

Initial replication of SARS-CoV-2 in the upper respiratory tract is required to establish infection, and the replication levelcorrelates with the likelihood of viral transmission. Here, we examined the role of host innate immune defenses in restrictingearly SARS-CoV-2 infection using transcriptomics and biomarker-based tracking in serial patient nasopharyngeal samples andexperiments with airway epithelial organoids. SARS-CoV-2 initially …

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The relationship between duration and quality of #sleep and upper #respiratory tract infections: a systematic review

Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are common, mostly self-limiting, but result in inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions. Poor sleep is cited as a factor predisposing to URTIs, but the evidence is unclear. ObjectiveTo systematically review whether sleep duration and quality influence the frequency and duration of URTIs. MethodsThree databases and bibliographies of included papers were searched for …

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Effectiveness of #honey for symptomatic relief in upper #respiratory tract infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Antibiotic over prescription for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in primary care exacerbates antimicrobial resistance. There is a need for effective alternatives to antibiotic prescribing. Honey is a lay remedy for URTIs, and has an emerging evidence base for its use. Honey has antimicrobial properties, and guidelines recommended honey for acute cough in children.. ..We …

Continue reading Effectiveness of #honey for symptomatic relief in upper #respiratory tract infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis