Low Daily Step Count Is Associated With a High Risk of Hospital Admission and Death in Community-Dwelling Patients With Cirrhosis

Background & AimsDaily step count measures cardiorespiratory fitness and has been associated with clinical outcomes. However, its utility in patients with cirrhosis remains largely unexplored. We aimed to investigate the association between step count, frailty metrics, and clinical outcomes in cirrhosis.MethodsAll participants underwent frailty evaluation with the liver frailty index, 6-minute walk test, and gait …

Continue reading Low Daily Step Count Is Associated With a High Risk of Hospital Admission and Death in Community-Dwelling Patients With Cirrhosis

Causal Effect of #Tooth Loss on Functional Capacity in Older Adults in England: A Natural Experiment

Background/ObjectivesTooth loss is associated with reduced functional capacity, but so far, there is no relevant causal evidence reported. We investigated the causal effect of tooth loss on the instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among older adults in England. DesignNatural experiment study with instrumental variable analysis. SettingThe English Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSA) combined with …

Continue reading Causal Effect of #Tooth Loss on Functional Capacity in Older Adults in England: A Natural Experiment