Association of Statins for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases With Hospitalization for COVID‐19: A Nationwide Matched Population‐Based Cohort Study

There is little evidence on the relationship between statin use and the risk of hospitalization attributable to COVID‐19.

Methods and Results
The French National Healthcare Data System database was used to conduct a matched‐cohort study. For each adult aged ≥40 years receiving statins for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases, one nonuser was randomly selected and matched for year of birth, sex, residence area, and comorbidities. The association between statin use and hospitalization for COVID‐19 was examined using conditional Cox proportional hazards models, adjusted for baseline characteristics, comorbidities, and long‐term medications. Its association with in‐hospital death from COVID‐19 was also explored. All participants were followed up from February 15, 2020, to June 15, 2020. The matching procedure generated 2 058 249 adults in the statin group and 2 058 249 in the control group, composed of 46.6% of men with a mean age of 68.7 years. Statin users had a 16% lower risk of hospitalization for COVID‐19 than nonusers (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.84; 95% CI, 0.81–0.88). All types of statins were significantly associated with a lower risk of hospitalization, with the adjusted HR ranging from 0.75 for fluvastatin to 0.89 for atorvastatin. Low‐ and moderate‐intensity statins also showed a lower risk compared with nonusers (HR, 0.78 [95% CI, 0.71–0.86] and HR, 0.84 [95% CI, 0.80–0.89], respectively), whereas high‐intensity statins did not (HR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.86–1.18). We found similar results with in‐hospital death from COVID‐19.

Our findings support that the use of statins for primary prevention is associated with lower risks of hospitalization for COVID‐19 and of in‐hospital death from COVID‐19.