Automated quantitative thin slice volumetric low dose #CT analysis predicts disease severity in #COVID-19 patients

This study aimed to identify predictive (bio-)markers for COVID-19 severity derived from automated quantitative thin slice low dose volumetric CT analysis, clinical chemistry and lung function testing. MethodsSeventy-four COVID-19 patients admitted between March 16th and June 3rd 2020 to the Asklepios Lung Clinic Munich-Gauting, Germany, were included in the study. Patients were categorized in a …

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Delayed #antibiotic prescribing for #respiratory tract infections: individual patient data meta-analysis

To assess the overall effect of delayed antibiotic prescribing on average symptom severity for patients with respiratory tract infections in the community, and to identify any factors modifying this effect. Design Systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis. Data sources Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Medline, Ovid Embase, EBSCO CINAHL Plus, and Web …

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Effectiveness of #polymyxin B-immobilized hemoperfusion against #sepsis and septic #shock: A systematic review and meta-analysis

PurposeTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of Polymyxin B-immobilized hemoperfusion (PMX-HP) against sepsis or septic shock. MethodsWe searched databases (PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library) to identify eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The primary outcomes we included in this review were mortality at the longest follow-up available and serious adverse events associated with treatments. We used …

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Early-life #environmental exposure determinants of child #behavior in Europe: A longitudinal, population-based study

BackgroundEnvironmental exposures in early life influence the development of behavioral outcomes in children, but research has not considered multiple exposures. We therefore aimed to investigate the impact of a broad spectrum of pre- and postnatal environmental exposures on child behavior. Methods and findingsWe used data from the HELIX (Human Early Life Exposome) project, which was …

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Effectiveness and Harms of High-Flow Nasal #Oxygen for Acute #Respiratory Failure: An Evidence Report for a Clinical Guideline From the American College of Physicians

Use of high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) for treatment of adults with acute respiratory failure (ARF) has increased. Purpose:To assess HFNO versus noninvasive ventilation (NIV) or conventional oxygen therapy (COT) for ARF in hospitalized adults. Data Sources:English-language searches of MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library from January 2000 to July 2020; systematic review reference lists. Study …

Continue reading Effectiveness and Harms of High-Flow Nasal #Oxygen for Acute #Respiratory Failure: An Evidence Report for a Clinical Guideline From the American College of Physicians