Analysis of Active and Passive #Tobacco Exposures and Blood #Pressure in US Children and Adolescents

..Elevated blood pressure, classified as greater than 90% for a child’s age, sex, and height according to the 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics Clinical Practice Guidelines. The a priori hypothesis that there is a positive association between tobacco exposure and elevated blood pressure in the study population was tested. Analysis included logistic regression with adjustment …

Continue reading Analysis of Active and Passive #Tobacco Exposures and Blood #Pressure in US Children and Adolescents

Adherent-invasive E. coli metabolism of propanediol in #Crohn’s disease regulates phagocytes to drive intestinal #inflammation

Adherent-invasive E. coli (AIEC) are enriched in the intestinal microbiota of patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) and promote intestinal inflammation. Yet, how AIEC metabolism of nutrients impacts intestinal homeostasis is poorly defined. Here, we show that AIEC encoding the large subunit of propanediol dehydratase (PduC), which facilitates the utilization of fucose fermentation product 1,2-propanediol, are …

Continue reading Adherent-invasive E. coli metabolism of propanediol in #Crohn’s disease regulates phagocytes to drive intestinal #inflammation

Early initiation of prophylactic #anticoagulation for prevention of #coronavirus disease 2019 mortality in patients admitted to hospital in the United States: cohort study

To evaluate whether early initiation of prophylactic anticoagulation compared with no anticoagulation was associated with decreased risk of death among patients admitted to hospital with coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) in the United States. Design Observational cohort study. Setting Nationwide cohort of patients receiving care in the Department of Veterans Affairs, a large integrated national healthcare …

Continue reading Early initiation of prophylactic #anticoagulation for prevention of #coronavirus disease 2019 mortality in patients admitted to hospital in the United States: cohort study

Effect of Telephone #Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia in Older Adults With #Osteoarthritis Pain

Scalable delivery models of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), an effective treatment, are needed for widespread implementation, particularly in rural and underserved populations lacking ready access to insomnia treatment. Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of telephone CBT-I vs education-only control (EOC) in older adults with moderate to severe osteoarthritis pain. Design, Setting, and Participants …

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Elastin-like recombinamers-based #hydrogel modulates post-ischemic remodeling in a non-transmural myocardial #infarction in sheep

Ischemic heart disease is a leading cause of mortality due to irreversible damage to cardiac muscle. Inspired by the post-ischemic microenvironment, we devised an extracellular matrix (ECM)–mimicking hydrogel using catalyst-free click chemistry covalent bonding between two elastin-like recombinamers (ELRs). The resulting customized hydrogel included functional domains for cell adhesion and protease cleavage sites, sensitive to …

Continue reading Elastin-like recombinamers-based #hydrogel modulates post-ischemic remodeling in a non-transmural myocardial #infarction in sheep