#Cardiac Structure and Function in Elite Female and Male #Soccer Players

Population-specific normative data are essential for the evaluation of competitive athletes. At present, there are limited data defining normal electrocardiographic (ECG) and echocardiographic values among elite US soccer players.. .. A total of 238 athletes (122 [51%] female; mean [SD] age, 20 [4] years; age range, 15-40 years) were included. Male athletes demonstrated a higher prevalence of normal training-related ECG findings, while female athletes were more likely … Continue reading #Cardiac Structure and Function in Elite Female and Male #Soccer Players

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#ABCA13 dysfunction associated with #psychiatric disorders causes impaired cholesterol trafficking

ATP-binding cassette subfamily A member 13 (ABCA13) is predicted to be the largest ABC protein, consisting of 5,058 amino acids and a long N-terminal region. Mutations in the ABCA13 gene were reported to increase the susceptibility to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. However, little is known about the molecular functions of ABCA13 or how they associate with psychiatric disorders. Here, we examined the biochemical … Continue reading #ABCA13 dysfunction associated with #psychiatric disorders causes impaired cholesterol trafficking

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Elevated ectodomain of type 23 #collagen is a novel biomarker of the intestinal epithelium to monitor disease activity in #ulcerative colitis and #Crohn’s disease

Impaired intestinal epithelial barrier is highly affected in inflammatory bowel disease. Transmembrane collagens connecting the epithelial cells to the extracellular matrix have an important role in epithelial cell homeostasis. Thus, we sought to determine whether the transmembrane type 23 collagen could serve as a surrogate marker for disease activity in patients with Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.. In the acute and chronic dextran sulfate sodium-induced … Continue reading Elevated ectodomain of type 23 #collagen is a novel biomarker of the intestinal epithelium to monitor disease activity in #ulcerative colitis and #Crohn’s disease

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#Biomarkers, disability and health care demand

Using longitudinal data from a representative UK panel, we focus on a group of apparently healthy individuals with no history of disability or major chronic health condition at baseline. A latent variable structural equation model is used to analyse the predictive role of latent baseline biological health, indicated by a rich set of biomarkers, and other personal characteristics, in determining the individual’s disability state and … Continue reading #Biomarkers, disability and health care demand

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The global epidemiology of #hypertension

Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and premature death worldwide. Owing to the widespread use of antihypertensive medications, global mean blood pressure (BP) has remained constant or has decreased slightly over the past four decades. By contrast, the prevalence of hypertension has increased, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Estimates suggest that 31.1% of adults (1.39 billion) worldwide had hypertension in 2010. … Continue reading The global epidemiology of #hypertension

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#Dapagliflozin and the Incidence of Type 2 #Diabetes in Patients With #Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: An Exploratory Analysis From DAPA-HF

The sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor dapagliflozin reduced the risk of cardiovascular mortality and worsening heart failure in the Dapagliflozin and Prevention of Adverse Outcomes in Heart Failure (DAPA-HF) trial. This report explores the effect of dapagliflozin on incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) in the cohort without diabetes enrolled in the trial RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The subgroup of 2,605 patients with heart failure and reduced … Continue reading #Dapagliflozin and the Incidence of Type 2 #Diabetes in Patients With #Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: An Exploratory Analysis From DAPA-HF

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Prognostic value of #electrocardiographic abnormalities in adults from the Brazilian longitudinal study of adults’ health

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are highly preventable non-communicable diseases. ECG is a potential tool for risk stratification with respect to CVD. Our aim was to evaluate ECG’s role in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality prediction. Methods Participants from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health, free of known CVD at baseline were included. A 12-lead ECG was obtained at baseline (2008–2010). Participants were followed up to 2018 … Continue reading Prognostic value of #electrocardiographic abnormalities in adults from the Brazilian longitudinal study of adults’ health

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#Smile (or grimace) through the #pain? The effects of experimentally manipulated facial expressions on needle-injection responses.

Smiling has been previously shown to improve stress responses. We replicated and expanded this work by testing whether smiling helps with a potent real-world stressor: a vaccination-like needle injection. We also extended past research by examining grimacing, a facial expression known to naturally occur during stress and pain and one that shares some of the same facial action units as smiling. Participants (n = 231; … Continue reading #Smile (or grimace) through the #pain? The effects of experimentally manipulated facial expressions on needle-injection responses.

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Diagnosis-wide analysis of #COVID-19 complications: an exposure-crossover study

Many studies reporting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) complications have involved case series or small cohorts that could not establish a causal association with COVID-19 or provide risk estimates in different care settings. We sought to study all possible complications of COVID-19 to confirm previously reported complications and to identify potential complications not yet known.. ..Among 70 288 patients with COVID-19, 69 of 1724 analyzed ICD-10-CM … Continue reading Diagnosis-wide analysis of #COVID-19 complications: an exposure-crossover study

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Association between Pre-Existing #Coronary Artery Disease and 5-Year Mortality in #Stroke Patients with High-Grade Carotid Artery Stenosis

The coincidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and carotid artery stenosis (CAS) was observed. However, the association between pre-existing CAD and ischemic stroke (IS) outcome in patients with high-grade CAS remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the association between pre-existing CAD and outcomes of acute IS patients with high-grade CAS. Methods: From January 1, 2007, to April 30, 2012, we enrolled 372 acute IS patients … Continue reading Association between Pre-Existing #Coronary Artery Disease and 5-Year Mortality in #Stroke Patients with High-Grade Carotid Artery Stenosis

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Poor outcome of #SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with severe #asthma on biologic therapy

It is unclear whether asthma and asthma medications increase or decrease the risk of severe COVID-19, and this is particularly true for patients with severe asthma receiving biologics. Objectives The aim of this study was to assess incidence and disease course of COVID-19 in patients with severe asthma on biologic therapy (omalizumab, mepolizumab, reslizumab, benralizumab, dupilumab), as compared with COVID-19 data from the general Dutch … Continue reading Poor outcome of #SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with severe #asthma on biologic therapy

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Gut #microbiota depletion by chronic #antibiotic treatment alters the sleep/wake architecture and #sleep EEG power spectra in mice

Dysbiosis of the gut microbiota affects physiological processes, including brain functions, by altering the intestinal metabolism. Here we examined the effects of the gut microbiota on sleep/wake regulation. C57BL/6 male mice were treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics for 4 weeks to deplete their gut microbiota. Metabolome profiling of cecal contents in antibiotic-induced microbiota-depleted (AIMD) and control mice showed significant variations in the metabolism of amino acids … Continue reading Gut #microbiota depletion by chronic #antibiotic treatment alters the sleep/wake architecture and #sleep EEG power spectra in mice

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