The ability to differentiate patient populations with type 2 diabetes at high risk of severe hypoglycaemia could impact clinical decision making. The aim of this study was to develop a risk score, using patient characteristics, that could differentiate between populations with higher and lower 2‐year risk of severe hypoglycaemia among individuals at increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Two models were developed for the risk score based on data from the DEVOTE cardiovascular outcomes trials. The first, a data‐driven machine‐learning model, used stepwise regression with bidirectional elimination to identify risk factors for severe hypoglycaemia.
The second, a risk score based on known clinical risk factors accessible in clinical practice identified from the data‐driven model, included: insulin treatment regimen; diabetes duration; sex; age; and glycated haemoglobin, all at baseline. Both the data‐driven model and simple risk score were evaluated for discrimination, calibration and generalizability using data from DEVOTE, and were validated against the external LEADER cardiovascular outcomes trial dataset.
Both the data‐driven model and the simple risk score discriminated between patients at higher and lower hypoglycaemia risk, and performed similarly well based on the time‐dependent area under the curve index (0.63 and 0.66, respectively) over a 2‐year time horizon.
Both the data‐driven model and the simple hypoglycaemia risk score were able to discriminate between patients at higher and lower risk of severe hypoglycaemia, the latter doing so using easily accessible clinical data. The implementation of such a tool (http://www.hyporiskscore.com/) may facilitate improved recognition of, and education about, severe hypoglycaemia risk, potentially improving patient care