2020 Conversion of Urine Protein–Creatinine Ratio or Urine Dipstick Protein to Urine Albumin–Creatinine Ratio for Use in Chronic Kidney Disease Screening and Prognosis

Measuring albuminuria is the preferred method for defining and staging chronic kidney disease (CKD), but total urine protein or dipstick protein is often measured instead. This analysis presents equations for converting urine protein–creatinine ratio and dipstick protein to urine albumin–creatinine ratio, and finds that both may help in CKD screening, staging, and prognosis.. Equations to convert urine PCR and dipstick protein to ACR were developed … Continue reading 2020 Conversion of Urine Protein–Creatinine Ratio or Urine Dipstick Protein to Urine Albumin–Creatinine Ratio for Use in Chronic Kidney Disease Screening and Prognosis

Food & mood: a review of supplementary prebiotic and probiotic interventions in the treatment of anxiety and depression in adult

A bidirectional relationship exists between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract. Foods containing bacteria that positively influence the gastrointestinal microbiome are termed, probiotics; compounds that promote the flourishing of these bacteria are termed, prebiotics. Whether microbiome influencing therapies could treat psychiatric conditions, including depression and anxiety, is an area of interest. Presently, no established consensus for such treatment exists.. .. 7 studies were identified. All … Continue reading Food & mood: a review of supplementary prebiotic and probiotic interventions in the treatment of anxiety and depression in adult