Frequent Coffee Consumption is Associated with Lower Incidence of Arrhythmias

..The study reviewed coffee intake information and relevant data for 296,227 participants in the UK Biobank. The mean age of participants was 56.69 ± 7.98 and 51.6 percent of participants were female. Investigators used multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to test the association between coffee consumption and arrhythmia risk and plotted a Kaplan- Meier curve for cumulative incidence of arrhythmia by coffee intake. The … Continue reading Frequent Coffee Consumption is Associated with Lower Incidence of Arrhythmias

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Sustained representation of perspectival shape

Our experience of the world goes beyond the light reaching our eyes: Even when a coin is tilted in depth, we infer the circular shape it truly has, rather than the ellipse it projects. But do we ever escape the perspective from which we view the world? A centuries-old philosophical debate asks whether objects of different distal shapes bear a representational similarity to one another … Continue reading Sustained representation of perspectival shape

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Association of Neighborhood #Disadvantage in Childhood With #DNA Methylation in Young Adulthood

DNA methylation has been proposed as an epigenetic mechanism by which the childhood neighborhood environment may have implications for the genome that compromise adult health.. ..A total of 1619 participants (806 female individuals [50%]) had complete neighborhood and DNA methylation data. Children raised in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods exhibited differential DNA methylation in genes involved in inflammation (β = 0.12; 95% CI, 0.06-0.19; P < .001) and smoking (β = 0.18; 95% … Continue reading Association of Neighborhood #Disadvantage in Childhood With #DNA Methylation in Young Adulthood

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Effects of dapagliflozin on development and progression of kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes: an analysis from the DECLARE–TIMI 58 randomised trial

Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have shown beneficial effects on renal outcomes mainly in patients with established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Here we report analyses of renal outcomes with the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin in the DECLARE–TIMI 58 cardiovascular outcomes trial, which included patients with type 2 diabetes both with and without established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and mostly with preserved renal function.. ..The trial took place between April … Continue reading Effects of dapagliflozin on development and progression of kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes: an analysis from the DECLARE–TIMI 58 randomised trial

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Effect of beta-blockers on survival of lung cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The recent interest in beta-blockers as possible agents for drug repurposing in oncology arises from many pre-clinical and epidemiologic studies suggesting a possible clinically relevant antitumour effect. In lung cancer, given the contradictory results obtained, it is crucial to further study its effects. A systematic review of the literature was planned to evaluate a possible beneficial effect of beta-blocker on overall survival in lung cancer … Continue reading Effect of beta-blockers on survival of lung cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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New Therapy Reduces Chronic Low Back Pain in Large International Study

A new study hasfound that tanezumab, a monoclonal antibody that inhibits nerve activity, provides relief in patients with chronic low back pain, one of the leading reasons why people seek medical care and the number one cause of disability worldwide. “This demonstration of efficacy is a major breakthrough in the global search to develop non-opioid treatments for chronic pain,” said John Markman, M.D., director of … Continue reading New Therapy Reduces Chronic Low Back Pain in Large International Study

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Association of Azithromycin Use With Cardiovascular Mortality

Azithromycin is one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics in the US. It has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular death in some observational studies.. ..The study included 7 824 681 antibiotic exposures, including 1 736 976 azithromycin exposures (22.2%) and 6 087 705 amoxicillin exposures (77.8%), among 2 929 008 unique individuals (mean [SD] age, 50.7 [12.3] years; 1 810 127 [61.8%] women). Azithromycin was associated with a significantly increased hazard of … Continue reading Association of Azithromycin Use With Cardiovascular Mortality

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#Acne vulgaris and risk of #depression and #anxiety: A meta-analytic review

Several studies have shown an association of acne vulgaris with depression and anxiety, but a quantitative review has not yet been conducted.. Forty-two studies were included. We found a significant association of acne vulgaris with depression ( r = 0.22 [95% confidence interval 0.17-0.26, P < .00001]) and anxiety ( r = 0.25 [95% confidence interval 0.19-0.31, P < .00001]). Subgroup analyses and comparisons showed … Continue reading #Acne vulgaris and risk of #depression and #anxiety: A meta-analytic review

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Prevalence of Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread rapidly throughout the world since the first cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were observed in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. It has been suspected that infected persons who remain asymptomatic play a significant role in the ongoing pandemic, but their relative number and effect have been uncertain. The authors sought to review and synthesize the … Continue reading Prevalence of Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection

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Antihypertensive Treatment in Elderly Frail Patients Evidence From a Large Italian Database

Aim of our study was to assess the relationship between adherence with antihypertensive drugs and the risk of death in frail versus nonfrail old individuals. Using the database of the Lombardy Region (Italy), we identified 1 283 602 residents aged ≥65 years (mean age 76) who had ≥3 prescriptions of antihypertensive drugs between 2011 and 2012. A nested case-control design was applied, with cases being … Continue reading Antihypertensive Treatment in Elderly Frail Patients Evidence From a Large Italian Database

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FDA Permits Marketing of First Game-Based Digital Therapeutic to Improve Attention Function in Children with ADHD

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) permitted marketing of the first game-based digital therapeutic device to improve attention function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The prescription-only game-based device, called EndeavorRx, is indicated for pediatric patients ages 8 to12 years old with primarily inattentive or combined-type ADHD who have demonstrated an attention issue. EndeavorRx is indicated to improve attention function as … Continue reading FDA Permits Marketing of First Game-Based Digital Therapeutic to Improve Attention Function in Children with ADHD

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Association of Living in a Food Desert With Pregnancy Morbidity

To evaluate whether women living in areas deemed food deserts had higher rates of pregnancy morbidity, specifically preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes, prelabor rupture of membranes, preterm labor, than women who did not live in food deserts at the time of their pregnancy and delivery.. This was a retrospective observational study in which we reviewed electronic medical records of all patients who delivered at Loyola … Continue reading Association of Living in a Food Desert With Pregnancy Morbidity

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