FDA Approves Only Drug in U.S. to Treat Severe #Malaria

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved artesunate for injection to treat severe malaria in adult and pediatric patients. Treatment of severe malaria with intravenous (IV) artesunate should always be followed by a complete treatment course of an appropriate oral antimalarial regimen. Prior to this approval, IV artesunate was only available to patients through the FDA’s Expanded Access program, which allowed the U.S. Centers … Continue reading FDA Approves Only Drug in U.S. to Treat Severe #Malaria

Cigarette #smoke exposure and inflammatory signaling increase the expression of the #SARS-CoV-2 receptor ACE2 in the respiratory tract

Abstract The factors mediating fatal SARS-CoV-2 infections are poorly understood. Here, we show that cigarette smoke causes a dose-dependent upregulation of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2), the SARS-CoV-2 receptor, in rodent and human lungs. Using single-cell sequencing data, we demonstrate that ACE2 is expressed in a subset of secretory cells in the respiratory tract. Chronic smoke exposure triggers the expansion of this cell population and … Continue reading Cigarette #smoke exposure and inflammatory signaling increase the expression of the #SARS-CoV-2 receptor ACE2 in the respiratory tract