Unresolved issues of immune tolerance in chronic hepatitis #B

During the natural course of chronic hepatitis B virus infection, immune-tolerant phase is characterized by high viral replication, the presence of HBV e antigen (HBeAg), and normal or minimally elevated serum alanine aminotransferase. Immune-tolerant phase is usually regarded as a benign course of the disease. International guidelines recommend observation rather than treatment during immune-tolerant phase. In this article, we review unresolved issues related to the … Continue reading Unresolved issues of immune tolerance in chronic hepatitis #B

Persistent #Asthma is Associated with Increased Risk for Incident Atrial #Fibrillation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

Asthma and atrial fibrillation (AF) share an underlying inflammatory pathophysiology. We hypothesized that persistent asthmatics are at higher risk for developing AF and that this association would be attenuated by adjustment for baseline markers of systemic inflammation. ..Persistent asthma was defined as asthma requiring use of controller medications. Intermittent asthma was defined as asthma without use of controller medications.. ..In risk-factor adjusted models, persistent asthmatics … Continue reading Persistent #Asthma is Associated with Increased Risk for Incident Atrial #Fibrillation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)