Convergent evidence for predispositional effects of #brain gray matter volume on #alcohol consumption

Smaller right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC; i.e., middle and superior frontal gyri) and insula GMVs were associated with increased alcohol use across samples. Family-based and prospective longitudinal data suggest these associations are genetically-conferred and that DLPFC GMV prospectively predicts future use and initiation. Genomic risk for alcohol use was enriched in gene-sets preferentially expressed in the DLPFC, and associated with replicable differential gene expression in … Continue reading Convergent evidence for predispositional effects of #brain gray matter volume on #alcohol consumption

Comparing the burdens of opportunistic #infections among patients with systemic #rheumatic diseases: a nationally representative cohort study

The IR of opportunistic infections was highest for PM/DM cases (61.3/1000 person-years, 95% confidence interval [CI] 56.6–66.2), followed by SLE cases (43.1/1000 person-years, 95% CI 41.7–44.5), SSc cases (31.6/1000 person-years, 95% CI 28.3–35.1), RA cases (25.0/1000 person-years, 95% CI 24.4–25.7), and pSS cases (24.1/1000 person-years, 95% CI 23.1–25.2). Multivariable Cox analysis revealed that, relative to SLE, PM/DM was associated with a significantly higher risk of … Continue reading Comparing the burdens of opportunistic #infections among patients with systemic #rheumatic diseases: a nationally representative cohort study