Comparison of #fracture risk using different supplemental doses of #vitamin D, #calcium or their combination: a network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Inconsistent findings in regard to association between different concentrations of vitamin D, calcium or their combination and the risk of fracture have been reported during the past decade in community-dwelling older people A total of 25 randomised controlled trials involving 43 510 participants fulfilled the inclusion criteria. There was no evidence that the risk of total fracture was reduced using different concentrations of vitamin D, … Continue reading Comparison of #fracture risk using different supplemental doses of #vitamin D, #calcium or their combination: a network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Dietary #salt promotes cognitive impairment through tau phosphorylation

Dietary habits and vascular risk factors promote both #Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive impairment caused by vascular factors. Furthermore, accumulation of hyperphosphorylated tau, a microtubule-associated protein and a hallmark of Alzheimer’s pathology, is also linked to vascular cognitive impairment. In mice, a salt-rich diet leads to cognitive dysfunction associated with a nitric oxide deficit in cerebral endothelial cells and cerebral hypoperfusion Here we report that dietary … Continue reading Dietary #salt promotes cognitive impairment through tau phosphorylation

Comprehensive comparative effectiveness and safety of first-line #antihypertensive drug classes: a systematic, multinational, large-scale analysis

..Most estimates revealed no effectiveness differences between classes; however, #thiazide or thiazide-like diuretics showed better primary effectiveness than angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors: acute myocardial infarction (HR 0·84, 95% CI 0·75–0·95), hospitalisation for heart failure (0·83, 0·74–0·95), and stroke (0·83, 0·74–0·95) risk while on initial treatment. Safety profiles also favoured thiazide or thiazide-like diuretics over angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. The non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers were significantly inferior to … Continue reading Comprehensive comparative effectiveness and safety of first-line #antihypertensive drug classes: a systematic, multinational, large-scale analysis